Fotovoltaic Power Plant
The sun is a free and inexhaustible source of energy, but most of its power is not exploited: in fact, every day the sun hits 1 square meter of the earth’s surface with the energy necessary for the average consumption of a family in 1 year! Photovoltaic panels, made up of the union of several photovoltaic cells, convert the energy of photons into electricity. The process that creates this energy is called the photovoltaic effect, that is the mechanism that, starting from the sunlight, induces the stimulation of the electrons present in the silicon of which each solar cell is composed.
Each photovoltaic system consists of at least two basic components: the first component, the photovoltaic modules, composed of photovoltaic cells that transform sunlight into electricity. The greater the number of cells, the greater the power expressed in peak watts (wp), i.e. the amount of energy produced in the unit of time under standard conditions of temperature and solar radiation, i.e. those found at noon on a cold day but sunny; second component, one or more inverters, devices that convert direct current into alternating current.
Modern inverters integrate electronic systems for intelligent energy management and conversion optimization. They can also integrate temporary electricity storage systems: AGM batteries, Lithium batteries or other types.